Water is becoming a source of conflict and competition; growing poverty, social inequalities, water scarcity and climate uncertainty are all interconnected contexts within which an understanding of relations and their intersection with water and equity needs to be located. These processes particularly affect the lives of poor, often access and rights to water are mediated through their social and economic position in society. Land degradation and mismanagement of water resources is among major issues of barrage area. In Thar underground water is depleting and getting brackish. Granite and China clay mining in the mountains of Karoonjhar are destroying the natural habitat jeopardizing echo-system in the area. The planned mining of the coal will trigger an environmental disaster with fluoride contaminating ground as well as surface water resources. Grazing lands are shrinking and some species are on verge of extinction. There is no let up in hunting of deer, hubara bustered and peacock with official patronage; species are threatened. AWARE is struggling to over the problems of mismanagement of natural resources and raise awareness for use of these resources judiciously.