Major parts of Thar Desert fall in Tharparkar and Umerkot Districts. The area is arid and semi arid, recurring droughts, quality and access to water are among major problems of area. Tharparkar is the largest district spread over an area of 47, 91,025 acres (19,637 sq kms) and population is about 1.4 million souls. Majority of inhabitants depend on rain fed agriculture and livestock. Umarkot is the gate way to Thar Desert. It exists at the border of barrage and arid region. It lies in the southeastern part of Sindh. It has a human population of 0.7 million. The majority of the inhabitants (70 %) of this area is dependent on agriculture. Agriculture is lifeline for the people and water is a rock/foundation on which it is based.

Since last couple of years, this sector is subject to vagaries of weather and facing consistent water shortage. Apart from natural calamities and disasters, manmade water shortage, constraints imposed by policy makers who are mostly tied with the MNCs/Donors aprons, removal of subsidies by Government and withdrawal of other incentives have added up to the sorry state of this sector.

Sindh in general and this region in particular is rich in wind, biomass and solar energy opportunities. Hence, the need of time is to develop, introduce & implement the wind, biomass and solar energies based technologies in this area for development; and to develop the physical ways and means through human capital to restructure the agriculture system and empower the primary stakeholders and devise multidimensional planning for the development of community. Mismanagement of resources and ineffective policies result in shape of social exclusion, gender imbalances and increasing poverty. So there was need of such organization which can play active role in organizing communities and empower the marginalized sectors of society.

This was realized by a group of likeminded people of Thar and Umerkot area and formed, Association for Water, Applied Education & Renewable Energy (AWARE) in spring 2003 and got registered with Societies Registration Act 1860 in 2005. AWARE strives for the social change in which people need to be organized so that they can set the pace and direction of development, change and related policies. Simultaneously the organization believes in educating and mobilizing people with respect to social, political and economic issues on the basis of sound knowledge and information as they can effectively play their role.



Water Aid & Sukar Foundation has aapreciated work of AWARE for working on water sector in Thar especially on cost effective desalination and defluoridation work in backward area.

Nutirtion Kits Provided by Engro Polymer

Engro Polymer has provided nutrition kits for poor people of Thar under its corporate social responsibility. These kits are for growing vegetables at household level. AWARE has installed kists in identified peoples homes (village Charnore & Tardos) in Thar.

Goats for Widows

With support for philinthropists goats will be provided to widows of village Wawri, Tehsil Chachro of Tharparkar. Gaots are being provided as a source of sustainable livelihood.

Medical Study of Flurosis effected Tharis launched on 30 March 2010

Dow Medical University Karachi and AWARE conducted a medical Study of Flurosis effected Tharis and this has been rolled out on on mrach 30 2010 at Dow Medical University Karachi. Scholars had highlight the health affects of contaminated underground water on people of Thar. Mr. Nisar Khuhro Speaker Sindh Assembly presided over the event.

More Windmills for Thar

Support for more 03 windmills has been received. Out these three windmills two will be for drinking water purposes and one for kitchen gardening and efficient irrigation system in Thar. The support has been extended by three philanthropists.

Livelihood for Poor Thari

For support of a group of poorer of poor AWARE has received an amount of Rs.50,000/= from philanthropist. The amount will be utilized for purchasing hens/chickens for a group of 10 people and also 10 nutrition kits are proposed to provide for growing vegetables in backyard of home.

Relief Activities for Fire Victims

AWARE Disaster Response Team mobilized resources for fire victims of village Charnore, Tehsil Chachro. Food items, bedding and crockery has been provided to victims. On call of AWARE handsome amount in cash has been recievd and that will be utilized for rehabilitation purposes. With support of AWARE, newspapers and TV channels reported the incident. AWARE Team also conducted assessment of damages.